Welcome to "The Bridge".  It is the monthly newsletter of Rivers Bridge Camp No. 842 and is made available here in pdf format so that it may be viewed
or downloaded. Also you will find the Chaplains' Corps Chronicles which affords some Confederate history from a spiritual standpoint.  We hope you find
it interesting.
A pdf reader will be needed to view this file; if you do not have one, you may download one for free at
Confederate History:
What you don't know may astound you.
You may have your mind made up about the causes of the War Between the
States, but how did you arrive at your mindset?  Did you just accept what you
were taught in school?  Let's face it, very few people have been exposed to the
Southern viewpoint. For some reason it seems to be chalked up as invalid and
just "the Lost Cause Myth."  It's sad, but true, that many who call themselves
Southerners know very little of the history of the period 1861-1865 and the
events that preceded it.  They have bought into "the Gallant Victor Myth."  
Isn't it time to weigh the evidence, discard the movie/TV stereotypes, and learn
the truth?
How can you make an informed decision if you only have half of the evidence?
Take a look at this curriculum and you will be amazed at what, in all likelihood,
you WERE NOT TAUGHT in school.
Click here
Thank you to:
John K. McNeill SCV Camp #674
PO Box 1353
Moultrie, Georgia 31776
Honoring Confederate Symbols
Historical Ignorance - See below
See Confederate History
Chaplains' Corps
Confederate Veterans

Check these websites
for more interesting
information .

Our flag at the Orangeburg Crossing Monument was becoming a bit worn
so Compatriot "Buzz" Braxton and an assistant replaced it with a new and
slightly larger one.  It now flies proudly and harmlessly and, in reality,
hurting no one.
During Vietnam, while at Fort Benning, Georgia as a young enlistee, I witnessed a parade with Army
historical color guards and colors from our nation’s history being paraded.  I still have photos of it.  
As a young Southerner I was proud of the fact that a Confederate Army color guard marched with a
Battle Flag in review.  This color guard represented the valor and courage of soldiers who were my
ancestors.  Under President McKinley, a series of four acts of Congress from 1900-1958 restored
Confederate soldiers’ standing as “American” soldiers ---- part of “reconciliation” of the North and
South.  That’s why Confederates have VA headstones. That reconciliation is now being undone by
haters and people with a lack of cultural historical knowledge and appreciation despite a
comprehensive national poll by Lou Harris. That poll shows that 82% of Americans have no
problems with Confederate emblems.  In an age of PC, the tyranny of the minority appears to be the

I have taught logic and critical thinking courses at the Army’s Command and General Staff College for
years. I taught in the graduate history department prior to retiring from the US Army.  What amazes
me is the lack of historical knowledge by graduate students.  Former Under Secretary of the Army,
Norm Augustine (retired chairman and CEO of Lockheed Martin) in a recent ARMY magazine article
stated that “…it’s not primarily the memorized facts that have current and former CEOs like me
concerned.  It’s the other things that subjects like history impart: critical thinking….”.  Dr. Bruce Cole
(Senior Fellow at the Ethics and Public Policy Center and a member of the Eisenhower Memorial
Commission) stated in a column entitled “American Amnesia” that a:

“…study of students at 55 elite universities found that over a third were unable to identify the
Constitution as establishing the division of powers in our government, only 29% could identify the
term "Reconstruction" and 40% could not place the Civil War in the correct century….[and]…that
over half of high school seniors couldn't say who we fought in World War II.”

The poll represents “educated” Americans.  Some of these are the same people mindlessly criticizing
Confederate monuments, symbols and flags that they know virtually nothing about.

When Army students (mostly majors) ask me if Confederates wore gray, or blue uniforms, I know
that even we, as a professional military institution, reflect the history ignorance of our society at
large.  In the graduate course on the Civil War that I taught, more than half of the military students
were at the high school, or lower, level of knowledge about the Civil War. Unfortunately, the best
educated on US history are many times our foreign military students.  So what?  Well, if US students
don’t know the basic facts of the war, how can they understand the more complex ones?  They can’t.  
They parrot mindless mantras like “The Confederate flag is a symbol of racism!”  I guarantee they
don’t know the difference between the “Stars and Bars” and the “Battle Flag”.

Granted, some racists have misused the Battle Flag. They misuse the US flag just as much, yet, under
the (il)logic of Confederate flag haters, it gets a total “pass”.  A number of photos of KKK rallies with
US flags can be easily found online.  One of the largest KKK rallies occurred in Washington, D.C. and
not a single Confederate flag can be seen in a sea of US flags. This logic fallacy of stereotyping
everyone with a Confederate emblem as a racist is ignorant and totally illogical except for some like
Louis Farrakhan.  He uses the same criteria to condemn the US flag.  His logic is perfect----even if his
premise is wrong.  Yep, the US flag is a RACIST emblem.

Cultural cleansing is wrong.  Our version of the Taliban is trying to cleanse our Southern heritage
because of ignorance.  The Sons of Union Veterans (descendants of Union soldiers) proclaim in a 2000
resolution that they support the flying of the Confederate Battle Flag and our Confederate
monuments.  They recognize the history and truth of why Southerners honor their ancestors.  
President Eisenhower, who recorded his views in a letter to a concerned citizen, told why he honored
General Lee with a portrait in his White House office.  In their convoluted reasoning, haters believe
Eisenhower was a racist for doing that as well.

LtCol (ret) Edwin Kennedy is a retired US Army infantryman.  He was invited to speak at the Army’
s Equal Opportunity Conference at Fort Gordon, Georgia about black Confederate soldiers.  He has
given that presentation around the country.  The views expressed in this column are his personal ones
and do not reflect the official views of the US Army’s Command and General Staff College or those of
the US Army.
Honoring Confederate Symbols

"But slavery was far from being the sole cause of the prolonged conflict.
Neither its destruction on the one hand, nor its defense on the other, was the
energizing force that held the contending armies to four years of bloody work.

I apprehend that if all living Union soldiers were summoned to the witness-
stand, every one of them would testify that it was the preservation of the
American Union and not the destruction of Southern slavery that induced him
to volunteer at the call of his country.

….No other proof, however, is needed than the undeniable fact that at any
period of the war from its beginning to near its close the South could have
saved slavery by simply laying down its arms and returning to the Union." —
General John B. Gordon, from Reminiscences of the Civil War, page 19
The victors of war write its history in order to cast themselves in the most
favorable light. That explains the considerable historical ignorance about our war
of 1861 and panic over the Confederate flag. To create better understanding, we
have to start a bit before the 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.
The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended the war between the colonies and Great Britain.
Its first article  declared the 13 colonies “to be free, sovereign and independent
states.” These 13 sovereign nations came together in 1787 as principals and
created the federal government as their agent. Principals have always held the
right to fire agents. In other words, states held a right to withdraw from the pact
— secede.
During the 1787 Constitutional Convention, a proposal was made that would
allow the federal government to suppress a seceding state. James Madison
rejected it, saying, “A union of the states containing such an ingredient seemed to
provide for its own destruction. The use of force against a state would look more
like a declaration of war than an infliction of punishment and would probably be
considered by the party attacked as a dissolution of all previous compacts by
which it might be bound.”
In fact, the ratification documents of Virginia, New York and Rhode Island
explicitly said they held the right to resume powers delegated should the federal
government become abusive of those powers. The Constitution never would
have been ratified if states thought they could not regain their sovereignty — in a
word, secede.
On March 2, 1861, after seven states seceded and two days before Abraham
Lincoln’s inauguration, Sen. James R. Doolittle of Wisconsin proposed a
constitutional amendment that read, “No state or any part thereof, heretofore
admitted or hereafter admitted into the union, shall have the power to withdraw
from the jurisdiction of the United States.”
Several months earlier, Reps. Daniel E. Sickles of New York, Thomas B.
Florence of Pennsylvania and Otis S. Ferry of Connecticut proposed a
constitutional amendment to prohibit secession. Here’s a question for the reader:
Would there have been any point to offering these amendments if secession were
already unconstitutional?
On the eve of the War of 1861, even unionist politicians saw secession as a right
of states. Rep. Jacob M. Kunkel of Maryland said, “Any attempt to preserve the
union between the states of this Confederacy by force would be impractical, and
destructive of republican liberty.”
Both Northern Democratic and Republican Parties favored allowing the South to
secede in peace. Just about every major Northern newspaper editorialized in
favor of the South’s right to secede. New York Tribune (Feb. 5, 1860): “If
tyranny and despotism justified the Revolution of 1776, then we do not see why
it would not justify the secession of Five Millions of Southrons from the Federal
Union in 1861.” Detroit Free Press (Feb. 19, 1861): “An attempt to subjugate the
seceded states, even if successful, could produce nothing but evil — evil
unmitigated in character and appalling in content.” The New York Times (March
21, 1861): “There is growing sentiment throughout the North in favor of letting
the Gulf States go.”
The War of 1861 settled the issue of secession through brute force that cost
600,000 American lives. We Americans celebrate Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg
Address, but H.L. Mencken correctly evaluated the speech: “It is poetry, not
logic; beauty, not sense.” Lincoln said the soldiers sacrificed their lives “to the
cause of self-determination — that government of the people, by the people, for
the people should not perish from the earth.” Mencken says: “It is difficult to
imagine anything more untrue. The Union soldiers in the battle actually fought
against self-determination; it was the Confederates who fought for the right of
people to govern themselves.”
The War of 1861 brutally established that states could not secede. We are still
living with its effects. Because states cannot secede, the federal government can
run roughshod over the U.S. Constitution’s limitations of the Ninth and Tenth
Amendments. States have little or no response.
Historical Ignorance by Walter Williams